South African government to account for progress on realising child rights
A meeting between representatives from the South African government and the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child (UNCRoC) in Geneva, Switzerland, on 19 and 20 September will provide an opportunity to address pressing issues on the wellbeing of children in South Africa.
On Monday to Tuesday, 19-20 September 2016, a delegation of the South African Government will meet with the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child (UNCRoC) in Geneva, Switzerland, to discuss South Africa’s progress in realising children’s rights.
The dialogue should engage with questions on progress on education, health, social security, violence and child protection, among others. These are some of the critical issues facing South African children – almost two-thirds (63%) of children in the country live below the upper bound poverty line, and are subject to inequalities in access to quality services and opportunities.
The Geneva meeting will be of particular interest to the Alternate Report Coalition-Children’s Rights South Africa (ARC-CRSA), an alliance driven by eleven leading organisations on children’s rights in the country (See below for list of lead organisations). The ARC-CRSA has compiled one of South Africa’s alternate reports that was presented to the UNCRoC in 2016. These alternate reports serve as civil society’s response to the Country Reports that governments are expected to submit every five years under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC).
The ARC-CRSA’s report recognises progress in areas such as provision of the child support grant, measures taken to increase access to education and early childhood development services and the drop in child mortality rates since 2006. But the report also raised serious concern in areas such as child protection and violence, birth registration, child poverty and inequality, social grants, the foster care system, failures in the education system, and health care priorities.
The ARC-CRSA hopes that, at the dialogue on 19 and 20 September, the South African Government will be asked to account for ever weakening political leadership and governance structures for realising children’s rights, to address the reasons behind persistent failures in budget allocations and/or spending to realise children’s rights, and the deepening social and economic inequality. These result in children in South Africa having very different lived experiences depending on the circumstances of their birth – the children with the greatest vulnerabilities experience greater exclusion and discrimination.
The dialogue between the UNCRoC and the South African government delegation will be livestreamed at www.treatybodywebcast.org. Follow the conversation @ARC_CRSA and using #childrightsSA on twitter.
For more information on the reporting process, please see below. For the South African Government and ARC-CRSA reports, visit http://dullahomarinstitute.org.za/women-and-democracy/south-africas-reporting-on-childrens-rights-to-the-un.
Media are invited to attend a media briefing at the Double Tree by Hilton (Upper Eastside Hotel)
Address: 31 Brickfield Rd, Woodstock, Cape Town, 7935 on Monday 19 September 2016 at 11am. If you are planning to attend please RSVP to Morgan Morris on Morgan.email@example.com or 079 522 1142.
For comment contact:
Contacts for media – experts
|Name and position||Organisation||Expertise||Contact|
|Prof Ann Skelton, Director||Centre for Child Law, University of Pretoria||All areas
082 443 2702
|Stefanie Röhrs, Senior researcher||Children’s Institute, University of Cape Town||All areas||Stefanie.firstname.lastname@example.org
021 650 5391
|Samantha Waterhouse, Project head||Dullah Omar Institute, University of the Western Cape||All email@example.com
084 522 9646
|Mandivavarira Mudarikwa, Attorney||Legal Resources Centre||All firstname.lastname@example.org
Will be in Geneva but available for comment via messages on +27 83 205 0351
|Carol Bower, Independent||Violence and child protection||Crlbwr4@gmail.com
061 414 6889
|Wessel van den Berg, Child Rights and Positive Parenting portfolio manager||Sonke Gender Justice||Violence email@example.com
082 686 7425
|Prof Haroon Saloojee, Director||Community Paediatrics, Wits||Health, ECD, disability||Haroon.firstname.lastname@example.org
082 863 4274
|Lisa Draga, attorney||Equal Education Law Centre||Educationemail@example.com
072 650 0214
|Liesl Müller||Lawyers for Human Rights||Statelessness, birth registration and refugee firstname.lastname@example.org
083 703 2496
Contact list for media – communications specialists
|Name and position||Organisation||Contact|
|Morgan Morris, Communications officer||Children’s Institute, University of Cape Town||Morgan.email@example.com
079 522 1142
|Lynne Barry Mansfield||Centre for Child Law, University of Pretoriafirstname.lastname@example.org
061 408 3459
|Jacob Nthoiwa, Communications officer||Dullah Omar Institute, University of the Western Capeemail@example.com
074 331 1632
|Carol Mohlala||Lawyers for Human Rights||Carol@lhr.org.za
061 906 0353
|Claire Martens||Legal Resources Centrefirstname.lastname@example.org
011 838 6601
|Karen Robertson, Communications manager||Sonke Gender Justiceemail@example.com
076 944 9873
About the Alternate Report Coalition – Children’s Rights South AFrica
ARC-CRSA led a process of drafting alternate reports that included 52 authors representing 42 institutions and organisations. The ARC-CRSA is led by the following eleven organisations:
- Centre for Child Law, University of Pretoria
- Children’s Institute, University of Cape Town
- Childline South Africa
- Community Paediatrics, University of the Witwatersrand
- Dullah Omar Institute, University of the Western Cape
- Equal Education Law Centre
- Lawyers for Human Rights
- Legal Resources Centre
- Resources Aimed at the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect
- Save the Children South Africa
- Sonke Gender Justice
The value of state reporting on international treaty obligations
- Reporting encourages state accountability regarding its commitments.
- It encourages ongoing (evidence-based) monitoring on government progress, both by the state and by civil society.
- The outcomes (‘concluding observations’ or recommendations to the state) have potential to strengthen in-country advocacy on issues – this depends on the content of the concluding observations and on how well civil society uses these.
- Section 39 of the South African Constitution requires that international law be considered when interpreting the rights in the Constitution, this means that the concluding observations of the Committee could be used to support arguments to promote children’s rights.
- Working on alternate reports that cover more than one issue can bring different networks together, encourage consensus building and increase exchanges between specialists in different sectors or thematic areas.
South Africa finally submitted its report on progress in implementing the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child early in 2014 – 12 years late. Once the government report was submitted, civil society organisations could prepare and submit ‘alternate’ reports to the Committee.
Overview of the reporting process
- Government report submitted
- Civil society ‘alternate’ reports are submitted.
- Committee holds ‘pre-session’ meeting with civil society.
- Committee prepares a ‘list of issues’ (further questions) for the government based on the government and civil society reports.
- Government provides written replies to the list of issues.
- Civil society may provide additional written responses to government’s replies to the list of issues.
- The Committee hosts a session with the government delegation to engage in dialogue on the issues.
The Committee drafts ‘Concluding Observations’ (recommendations) to the government.